Nutrition is the study of what our body needs in order to function properly. It involves the consumption of food and the storage of nutrients. Eating a balanced diet is critical to good health and can prevent certain cancers. The quality of nutrition is also related to a person’s immune system.
Nutrients are organic compounds that help our bodies perform its basic processes. These are divided into two groups: macronutrients and micronutrients. Micronutrients include all essential vitamins and minerals.
Macronutrients are the nutrients that we need in large amounts. These are carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. They are the building blocks of our diet. When eaten, they are broken down into simple sugars and are then metabolized into cellular energy.
Water is an important nutrient that makes up approximately 60% of our bodies. It is needed for all of our bodily functions.
A healthy diet includes whole-grain foods and vegetables. These foods are also rich in antioxidants. Protein is another essential nutrient. It is composed of amino acids, which are chains of carbon and hydrogen molecules.
Dairy products are a good source of protein. Lactose-free and low-fat milk and lactose-free cheese are recommended. Other sources of protein include soy, legumes, lean meats, and seafood. This is because you can use the factual information in your knowledge base to enhance your cognitive processes.
Nutrition is important to both children and adults. Keeping a proper weight and eating a nutritious diet are good ways to help prevent high blood pressure, osteoporosis, and type 2 diabetes. Additionally, good nutrition is a contributing factor to a healthier pregnancy.